master the garden: soil basics

Soil. A natural body embracing the topsoil, but also the subsoil and other layers above its parent rock – is a complex material that supports all life on earth and is a product of the environment – of the rock waste which is its parent material, of the climate under which it weathers, of the kind of topography upon which it is situated, of the vegetation and other organisms with which it develops, and of the length of time during which it has been developing. 1966 in An Encyclopaedia of New Zealand, edited by A. H. McLintock

making the cut: fruit trees

For the gardener who grows fruit trees, the purpose is to grow quality fruit in a reasonable quantity, and harvest safely from from healthy trees. Pruning is a management tool that helps align these goals and balances the needs of both tree and gardener.

language of flowers…..Echinacea

In the language of flowers, the purple coneflower denotes skill and resilience – strength and health Echinacea has a long history in folklore, medicine, and tradition. A symbol of strength and healing, it is also associated with spirituality, and has been connected with the shadow side of one’s’ nature and is frequently used in witchcraftContinue reading “language of flowers…..Echinacea”